The purpose of these recommendations is to help citizens properly navigate and act in extreme and emergency situations as well as to ensure the creation of conditions for the investigation of crimes. Any person must accurately behave and act in extreme situations and psychologically be ready for self-defense.
Lately, there have been frequent cases of citizens discovering suspicious objects that may turn out to be explosive devices. Such objects are found in transport, on staircases, near apartment doors, in offices and public places. How to behave when they are found? What actions to take?
If the discovered object should not, in your opinion, be in this place, do not disregard this fact.
If you find a forgotten or ownerless item on public transport, please interview people nearby. Try to find out whose item it is. If the owner is not identified, immediately report that to the driver.
If you find an unknown object near the entrance of your house, ask your neighbors, perhaps it belongs to them. If the owner is not identified, immediately report the finding to the nearest police station.
If you find an unknown item in the institution, immediately report the finding to the administration or security.
In all these cases:
Remember: the appearance of an item can obscure its real purpose. The most common household items are used as camouflage for explosive devices: bags, packages, boxes, toys, etc.
Parents are responsible for the life and health of your children. Explain to your children that any object found on the street or in the entrance can be dangerous.
Do not take any action on your own with suspicious objects that may turn out to be explosive devices. This can lead to their explosion, numerous victims and destruction.
An evacuation message can be received not only in the event of an explosive device detected and the elimination of the consequences of a terrorist act, but also because of fire, natural disaster, etc.
After receiving a message from authorities or law enforcement agencies about the beginning of the evacuation, remain calm and clearly follow their commands.
If you are in an apartment, follow these steps:
Try not to panic, tantrum and rush. Leave the building in an organized manner.
Return to the abandoned premises only after the permission of the responsible persons.
Remember that the life and health of many people will depend on the consistency and clarity of your actions.
Any person can be held hostage by criminals. At the same time, criminals can achieve political goals, obtain a ransom, etc.
In all cases, your life becomes a bargaining chip for terrorists.
Seizure can occur in transport, in an institution, on the street, in an apartment.
If you are held hostage, we recommend folow the rules:
Be attentive, try to remember the signs of criminals, the distinctive features of their faces, clothes, names, nicknames, possible scars and tattoos, features of speech and demeanor, topics of conversation, etc.
Remember that having received a message about your capture, the special services have already begun to act and will do everything necessary to release you.
During the operation of the special services for your release, strictly stick to the following requirements:
If you are taken hostage, remember that your own behavior may affect the way you are treated.
Ask the guards if you can read, write, use personal hygiene products, etc.
If you were given the opportunity to talk to relatives on the phone, control yourself, do not cry, do not shout, speak briefly and to the point. Try to contact the guards. Explain to them that you are human too. Show them pictures of your family members. Don't try to deceive them.
If the guards do not make contact, talk as if to yourself, read poems in an undertone or sing.
Be sure to keep track of the time by marking the days gone by with matches, pebbles, or dashes on the wall.
If you find yourself locked in a room, then try to get someone's attention. To do this, break the window glass and call for help, if there are matches, light the paper and bring it closer to the fire detector, etc.
Never lose hope of a good outcome. Remember, the more time passes, the more chances you have of salvation.
If possible, try to take a seat by the window at the rear of the aircraft.
Minimize your registration time.
Stay close to any cover and exit.
Study neighboring passengers, pay attention to their behavior.
Discuss with family members what to do in a typical aircraft hijacking situation.
Avoid visiting retail and food outlets outside the airport security zone.
Immediately report unclaimed baggage or suspicious activity to aircraft crew or security personnel.
In the event of an attack on the airport:
Imagine possible capture scenarios and your possible behavior in doing so. Do not panic, do not jump up, stay in the chair. Do not argue with terrorists, do not provoke them to use weapons. If you have special training, do not try to neutralize terrorists, keep your neighbors from doing this as well.
Accept the humiliation and insults that terrorists may subject you to.
Avoid anything that can draw attention to you.
If among the passengers there are crying children or sick moaning people, do not express your displeasure, keep yourself in control. Any outburst of negative emotions can break down an already tense atmosphere.
Do not drink alcoholic beverages.
Whatever happens, do not try to intercede for the crew members. Your intervention can only complicate the situation.
Never be outraged by the actions of the pilots. The crew is always right. The flight attendant's order is the law for a passenger.
Don't trust terrorists. They can say whatever they want, but they only pursue their own interests.
Behave with dignity. Think not only of yourself, but also of other passengers.
If you saw that one of the crew members left the plane, in no case draw the attention of other passengers to this fact. The actions of the crew can be noticed by terrorists.
If possible, be prepared by the time of the start of the special operation to leave the plane.
If a rescue operation is undertaken, try to take a position so that the terrorists cannot grab you and use you as a human shield: fall down, or hide behind the back of the chair, hugging your head in your hands and stay there until you are allowed to get up.
Note: Security forces can mistake anyone moving for a terrorist.
Leave the plane as quickly as possible. Don't stop looking for personal items.
Be prepared for the fact that you have to answer the questions of the investigators, and remember in advance the details of what happened. This will help the investigation and save your own time.
Always be in control of the situation around you, especially when you are at transport facilities, cultural, entertainment, sports and shopping centers.
If you find forgotten things, without touching them, inform the driver, employees of the facility, the security service, and the police. Do not try to look inside a suspicious package or box.
Do not pick up ownerless things, no matter how attractive they look.
They may contain explosive devices (in beer cans, cell phones, etc.). Do not kick objects lying on the ground in the street.
If suddenly the security forces and law enforcement agencies began to act, do not show curiosity, go the other way, but do not run, so that you are not mistaken for an enemy.
In the event of an explosion or the start of shooting, immediately fall to the ground, preferably under cover (curb, stall, car, etc.). Cover your head with your hands for more safety.
Having accidentally learned about the impending terrorist attack, immediately report it to the law enforcement agencies.
If you become aware of an impending or committed crime, immediately report it to the FSB or the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
Source: Official Website of FSB